Tuesday, June 5th


June 12, 2018 – Breakfast meeting, 7:00 am, SDYC

June 18, 2018 – Board Meeting, 5:00 pm, SDYC

Steak Fry, 6:00 pm. SDYC

July 16, 2018 – Annual Golf Tournament, River Walk Golf Club, noon registration, 1:00 pm start

Community News:

The Point Loma Optimist Club was recently recognized by several local elementary schools for our financial support during the past school year.  Members of the club attended meetings at the schools where the Club was recognized.  Ocean Beach Elementary thanked the Club for the support to their school garden and for the recent purchase of computers for the students use.  Dewey Elementary thanked the Club for our ongoing support of their STEM education program and their Arts program.  Silver Gate Elementary thanked us for their new flag pole.  Here are a few shots to show you the fun!

Steve Doyle, Principal Drapeau, Tom Lewis at OB Elementary

Tom Lewis and Steve Doyle at the OB Elementary Garden

Jeff Fischbeck, Vince Glorioso, Tom Lewis and friend at Silver Gate Elem.













John Leonard, a Vice President with JP Morgan, visited with the Point Loma Optimist Club this morning to give us an overview of the economy and where it might be headed.  John is a Point Loma resident and has been with JP Morgan for the past 11 years.

John focused his attention on three market characteristics, the economy, interest rates and employment factors.  On the economy, John said, “This is the second longest period of expansion in history.  We believe 2018 will also be a positive growth year for the economy.”  John explained the extraordinary slow growth that started back in 2009 is one reason for this extended period of expansion.  He also projected the continuing stimulus injections (government spending more money on infrastructure) will push the economic growth into 2019, but there may be a slowing of the rate of growth.

Pres Bill Bramley, VP John Leonard of JP Morgan and Member Jesse Sikorski

The reason for the slowing of the growth is jobs.  Not the creation of jobs, but the inability of the population to meet the demand for the types of jobs being created.  “The slow down in the rate of the economic growth will be caused by the lack of skilled labor to fill the jobs being created.  We need to retrain our labor force to meet the demands of the new economy,” he said.  The unemployment rate stands at 3.8% at the end of May.  The historic average unemployment rate is 6.8% over the past 50 years.  Wage growth is starting to see an upward swing at 2.8% at the end of May, but it is still quite low.  The historic average for wage growth is 4.1% over the past 50 years.  This helps explain the continuing low inflation rates we have been experiencing.

Following a similar pattern, interest rates are still at remarkedly low points.  Today, the Fed funds rate sits at 1.5%.  John expects the Fed Board of Governors to continue to push the interest rate up, 2 or 3 times more in 2018.  The historic average Fed rate sits at 3.5%, even with 3 quarter point bumps this year, the rate would still only be at 2.25%.  John believes the Fed will be very careful with their rate increases.  He pointed out that 11 of the last 13 recessions were caused by the Fed mismanaging the rates.

In answering some questions from the members, John pointed out that corporate earnings per share and profits per share continue to exceed analysts estimates.  He believes a slow shift from growth stocks to value stocks will begin to take form in the general markets.  He is bullish on the emerging markets and believes there will be good growth potential there in the next several years.  And, John suggested the new norm for the markets will be higher volatility, requiring the smart investor to make sure they have a diversified portfolio.  Thanks for stopping by this morning, John.  We appreciate your insights!

Tuesday, May 29th


Tuesday, June 5th, Breakfast meeting, 7:00am SDYC

Monday, June 18th, Board meeting, 5:00pm SDYC, 6:00pm Steak Fry, SDYC

Monday, July 16th, Golf Tournament, 12:00 noon, Riverwalk Golf Club

Friday, April 26, 2019, 2nd Golden OptimisTiki, Bali Hai


“Become an informed patient!” according to Chris Burns, President of EA Health, this is the best way to protect your health and your health care costs.  In 2016, California AB 72, the Health Care Coverage bill became law.  The law provides if you receive health services, under your health insurance policy, from a contracting health care facility, but from a noncontracting health care provider (specializing doctor), you would only be required to pay the specializing doctor the “in-network cost sharing amount”.

Pres. Bill Bramley, Member Randy Rolfe and EA Health Pres. Chris Burns

This was not the situation before AB 72.  Surprise billings (additional billings from noncontracting physicians) were common, especially in cases where Emergency Rooms were required to obtain the services of a specialists in an urgent time frame.  It was issues of this sort which created the impetus for a company like EA Health.

Chris Burns looks for alternatives to best fit the situation.  He seeks to employ resources in an effective manner.  His focus is to provide the specialist service providers to the health care facilities in a timely and cost effective manner.  Today, EA Health (which was created in 1992), works with over 100 hospitals in 15 states and 5,000 specialist doctors.  Coordinating the ever-changing health care laws with the service providers and the facility owners is a full time job.

“Did you know that doctors in California, can not be hired by hospitals?  The doctors are independent health care service providers.  Hospitals are health care service facilities.  The laws regarding who receives what dollars from insurance providers is an ever evolving field.  We focus on staying at the leading edge of these changes and working to minimize the impacts to the health care providers and the health care facilities,” he told us.  No doubt, that is a full time job!

The next challenge to the health care service industry may be California AB 3087.  This bill would create a new “commission” that would set fees charged by hospitals and physicians.  The bill has cleared the Assembly Health Committee and has been re-referred to the Assembly Appropriations Committee.   “This will create a major challenge for service providers and facility providers,” Chris told us.

EA Health and Chris Burns are fighting the uphill battle.  Listening to Chris this morning, only reinforces his great advice, “Be an informed patient!”  Thank you Chris, for this frightening look behind the green curtain of the health care business.






Tuesday, May 8th


Monday, May 14th, 5:00 pm, Board Meeting at SDYC

Monday, May 14th, 6:00 pm, Steak Fry at SDYC

Tuesday, May 22nd, 7:00 am, Youth Appreciation Breakfast at SDYC

Monday, July 16th, PLOC Annual Golf Tournament!  Get your foursomes organized now!


Dennis Probst is the Vice President of Development for the San Diego County Regional Airport Authority.  While Dennis is new to this job (started in December 2017), he has many years experience in operating airports.  His prior position was that of COO for the Metropolitan Airports Commission, overseeing the Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport and six general aviation fields in the Twin Cities metropolitan area.

                       Pres. Bramley and VP Dennis Probst

In his new role, Dennis oversees all aspects of planning, environmental affairs, capital improvements and facilities development at Lindberg Field.  “We are a bit busy these days,” he told us.  “Last year, we accommodated over 22 million passengers.  That’s an average of 60,000 passengers per day and 550 flights per day!”  All this activity is handled by 407 Authority employees and 9,000 airport partner company employees.  Direct flights from San Diego to 62 domestic and 9 international destinations are available.  The newest flight is offered by Lufthansa Air, San Diego to Frankfurt.  To make the use of the airport more convenient and enjoyable, the Authority has embarked on an aggressive improvement campaign.

The new International Arrivals facility is scheduled to be turned over to Customs and Immigration official this month (May 2018).  The new facility will be located at the westerly end of Terminal 2 and be over twice the size of the current facility.  “This new facility was fast-tracked through a design build contract with Turner PCL.  From signing the contract in March of 2017 to completion of construction in May 2018 is a fantastic job!  We are very thrilled with their performance.”

                                  The Airport Development Plan

Next is the new Terminal 2 parking structure.  “We have added over 1,700 parking spaces in addition to the previous field lot capacity.  This is probably the most technically advanced parking structure in San Diego.  You can reserve a spot.  You can pay at the door or ahead of time.  We will have dynamic pricing to compete with the ride sharing companies.  And, it will open later this month!” according to Dennis.

The next infrastructure program is the expansion and remodel of Terminal 1.  The environmental document is expected to circulate later this year.  The Authority will then relocate the cargo and maintenance facilities to the north side of the runway.  After approval of the EIR and project plan, 19 new gates will be built east of Terminal 1.  After the airlines are moved to the new gates, the old Terminal 1 will be demolished and 11 more gates will be added to the new Terminal 1.  “These gates will be larger.  And, the linear terminal design will allow us to provide a second taxiway, which will improve the ground flow of airplanes,” according to Dennis.

The 661 acres that make up Lindberg Field are all carefully accounted for and utilized.  But, don’t think the prospects for growth are behind them.  With approximately 200,000 landings and takeoffs each year, the San Diego International Airport is planning for bigger and better.  “With all the right things happening, we could see San Diego grow to 300,000 landings and takeoffs in a year.  Not next year or the year after.  But it is certainly possible in the future.”  Thank you, Dennis for giving us all the “heads up” on what’s up at the airport!


Tuesday, May 1st

Announcements:  The Golden OptimisTiki event on Saturday, April 28th, was a great success!  Thank you to Committee Chair Glen Mouritzen and his Tiki Committee for putting together a memorable evening!

May 8th, Breakfast Meeting at the SDYC at 7:00 am.

May 14th, Board Meeting at SDYC at 5:00 pm.  And, Steak Fry at SDYC at 6:00 pm.

May 22nd, Breakfast Meeting celebrating Youth Appreciation Day at SDYC at 7:00 am.

July 16th, Golf Tournament … start collecting your foursomes!

Program:  This morning the PL Optimist Club welcomed the President of the Kirkland Mining Company (KMC), Areta Zouvas, and her Principal Consultant, Brad Belt.  KMC is processing an Environmental Assessment on their 320 acre mineral claim within land controlled by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).  Once known as “The Kitty Litter Mine”, the KMC mineral rights have received a BLM designation such that the High Quality Pozzolan (HQP) on the property,  is classified as an Uncommon Variety mineral and not subject to the Common Varieties Act.  What this all means for KMC, is good news and the ability to produce from a new site HQP for the construction industry.

          Areta Zouvas, Pres. Bill Bramley and Brad Belt

What are pozzolans?  Pozzolans are a vital component in the creation of concrete.  Natural pozzolans have been used since ancient times.  The Romans created magnificent architectural structures using concrete mad with natural pozzolans.  The Colosseum and the Pantheon are concrete structures, withstanding the test of time, in part because they used natural pozzolans in their concrete mixtures.  Man-made pollozans, like Fly Ash, are created through the burning of coal.  Since they are the by-product of coal burning, they tend to be cheaper to acquire by concrete producers.  With the rapid decline of coal fueled power plants, this economic advantage is disappearing.  By using pozzolans in the concrete mixture (sand, rock, cement and water) producers are able to create stronger and longer lasting concrete products (like roads, walls, buildings, etc.).

In 2016, KMC received a third party certification as to the quantity of verifiable HQP on their claim.  39 million tons were found by geologists on just 76 acres of their 320 acre claim.  This natural pozzolan is a volcanic, “tuff” material, with unique qualities and benefits.  The material received ASTM C618 and C1567 certifications.  And, through additional testing, showed significant reductions in concrete product cracking and sulfate expansion as compared to samples using with 100% cement.

KMC is working their way through the BLM process to achieve the approvals they need to permit, develop and operate a HQP mine on the property.  The Environmental Assessment will be released this spring and a final resolution of all issues is targeted for late 2018.  The mine should begin operation in 2019.

For more information, please visit www.kirklandmining.com.  Thank you to Areta Zouvas and Brad Belt for a fascinating look into the mining permit process and the world of natural pozzolans.


Tuesday, April 24th

                                    Time to Tiki!

Announcements:  OptimisTiki is here!  Saturday, April 28th, the gates to the sold out, first annual, OptimisTiki will open at 4:00 pm.  The gates will close to attendees at 6:00pm, so that the show and dinner events may begin.  Tiki attire is highly recommended.  OptimisTiki mugs and raffle tickets will be available at the event.  Get ready for a great evening of food, beverage and fun at the Bali Hai restaurant on Shelter Island!

Breakfast Meetings on May 1st and 8th will take place at the San Diego Yacht Club, starting at 7:00am.

The Board Meeting will take place on May 14th at 5:00 pm followed by the Steak Fry at 6:00pm, both at the San Diego Yacht Club.

May 22nd is Youth Appreciation Day at the Optimist Club Breakfast.  7:00 am at the San Diego Yacht Club.  Come support the terrific youth of our local community!

                 New Member Paula Perretta

Program:  Paula Perretta was introduced as the “first Italian female member” of the Optimist Club of Point Loma.  Paula said she was drawn to our Club because of its history of good support for the local youth, our friendly and welcoming members, and our good sense of fun and optimism.  Welcome aboard Paula!

Dr. Daniel Murin (Ph.D. in Biophysics) from The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) joined the Point Loma Optimist Club for breakfast and a presentation on “The Ebola Virus”, a wonderful meal time discussion!  Dr. Murin (please call me Daniel), gave us an overview of  TSRI and some specific insights into his research.  The Scripps Research Institute is the largest private research center in the US.  They have two campus locations, a smaller facility in Jupiter, Florida, with 400,000 sf of research space and the more well know, Torrey Pines/La Jolla facility with over 1.5 million sf.  There are over 3,000 employees at TSRI, including 255 faculty members, 483 post-doctorial and 271 grad student researchers.  TSRI has an annual research budget of over $375 million!  In 2017, TSRI was named the “World’s Most Influential Research Facility”, outranking some of the most well known facilities such as Harvard and Stanford Universities.

TSRI started in 1989 and is accredited by the Western Association of Schools.  US World & Report ranked the Biochemistry program at TSRI as #2 in the country, Organic Chemistry as #5, Chemistry as #6 and Biology as #10.  Graduate students fro around the world compete to continue their education and work in research at TSRI.  Graduate students selected for the program receive $30-35k per year in pay, and receive housing and food stipends to attend the TSRI while earning their Ph.D.’s.  It take approximately 3 years to earn a Ph.D. in Chemistry and 5-6 years for a Ph.D. in Biology.  

Dr. Daniel Murin and Pres. Bill Bramley

Daniel completed his Ph.D. in 2016.  He has continued to work at TSRI in collaboration with Dr. Andrew Ward, as they search for the development of antibiotic therapy for the Ebola virus.  Daniel explained the history of the Ebola virus, which was limited to minor outbreaks, quickly contained, in the sub-Saharan dessert areas of Africa.  “Then came the massive outbreak 2014/15,” he told us.  “The strain was highly contagious, fast moving and far more deadly than earlier outbreaks.  It caught the healthcare community flatfooted.  They were not prepared for this type of disaster.”  The initial slow response proved to complicate matters, as through this outbreak over 25,000 people would perish.  “What we learned is we needed more research and better ways to attack the virus,” he said.  Daniel’s research has included work at a molecular level, using electron microscopy, building models of the virus at a cellular level, and exploring antibodies created by survivors.

Daniel told us his research is about ready for publication and peer review.  “My years of research have brought new insights to the Ebola virus.  The antibodies we are developing have shown some success in laboratory tests.  We are now ready for a broader conversation on the next steps into a therapeutic program.”  What is still unknown is where the “host” lies for the Ebola virus.  The host, is an animal that carries the virus, but is not destroyed by it.  Some people believe that one or more species of bat may be the host.  But more research is necessary to confirm this hypothesis.   Meanwhile, Daniel and the team at TSRI will continue to look for new therapeutic programs to treat the Ebola virus, while also working on the ultimate goal, a vaccine to prevent the spread of this deadly virus.

Thank you Daniel for sharing some of your work and giving us a better insight into The Scripps Research Institute!

Tuesday, April 10th


April 16th Board Meeting at 5:00pm at the SDYC

April 16th First Steak Fry of 2018, 6:00 pm SDYC

April 24th Breakfast Meeting at 7:00am at the SDYC

APRIL 28, 2018 – Golden OptimisTiki event, Bali Hai, Shelter Island, festivities begin at 4:00 pm

Program:  Mr. Marco Drapeau, Principal Ocean Beach Elementary School

Marco Drapeau is the Principal at Ocean Beach Elementary School (OBES).  Some people say he was born to be an educator.  While others think he was born to work in Ocean Beach.  “When I was 16 I discovered Ocean Beach.  What a great place! A beautiful mixing bowl of all San Diego has to offer,” he told us.  “I love surfing, heavy metal music, snowboarding at Mammoth and a good cup of coffee in the morning.”  Marco seems to have found his niche in Ocean Beach.   But then … there’s the tidbit about kissing snakes.  Yeah, the Principal of OBES kisses snakes!  To be fair, he was paying off a bet to his students and their parents who raised more than $50,000 at their latest Spring Carnival.

Principal Drapeau kisses a snake!

Marco is a native San Diegan.  He grew up in Lemon Grove and graduated from Helix High School.  After a stint in the family contracting business, he became a teacher in 1997.  Marco is in his 5th year as the principal of OBES.  There are approximately 430 students at OBES and 18 teachers for the pre-K through 4th grade students.  “I have a fantastic team of teachers around me!” Marco said.  “And, a very diverse group of students coming from varied economic, social, ethnic and cultural backgrounds.  It provides a wonderful environment for my students and the school community overall.”  Marco is especially proud of the Arts Program they have at OBES.  They fundraise every year to provide all students with the chance to learn about and appreciate the arts through drawing, literature, theater and music.

“The days of when kids had to fit into one teaching mold are gone.  To be successful, we (the teachers) need to work with the student and understand their ways of learning,” he shared.  “Our teachers are very welcoming, warm and open to all.  When a child knows you care, then they will respond more positively to learning.”  To take that special learning program to the next level, Educational Consultant, Marty Smith (also known as the “Point Loma Tutor”) was introduced by Principal Drapeau.

Principal Drapeau, Tutor Marty Smith and President Bramley

“I have 44 special education students at OBES,” Marty informed us.  “And, with the $5,000 donation from the Point Loma Optimist Club Foundation, we were able to purchase 24 Dell Chrome notebooks, 2 charging carts, 24 headphones, 24 computer mice and 6 swiveling stools!  It has made a tremendous difference for our program.  And, we are so grateful to you for this opportunity. ”  OBES was also able to acquire a special district approved reading and writing program that is designed to aid special ed students.  “With this program, our children can learn to write on the computer.  They can check spelling, definitions, dictionaries and punctuation.  They can speak to the computer, and it will write out their words.  The program can read the words written by the students back to them, so they can edit and rework their lessons.  It has been a great addition to our program!”

Marty showed us a short video the created to share their new computer system and thank the Optimists for their donation.  Click here to view the video.

Thank you Marco and Marty for joining us this morning.  We wish you continued success and a lot more snake kissing!

Tuesday, April 3rd


April 28th (4 to 11:30 PM):  Golden OptimisTiki at the Bali Hai.
Sign up now, and encourage your friends to join us for this fun and important annual fundraising event.
Tickets are available online (click here).
Raffle tickets ($25) are also available in advance, either online or by contacting Chris Jacobs.
First prize is a round trip to Tahiti (hotel included)!

May 20th:  We will join the annual Festa parade in Point Loma with our flag truck as in years past.  If you are interested in participating in this unique event, please contact Tom Lewis.


Can you say “Johnny Good Man” in Italian? All of us at this morning’s breakfast learned the name’s origins and how to properly pronounce “Gianni Buonomo” by the brand’s creator, winemaker Keith Rolle of Ocean Beach. We also learned how Keith became a vintner making world class wines on Newport Ave in OB since 2010, rather than following his Minnesota boyhood dreams of becoming a fireman, cowboy or attorney. It was an inspirational and intriguing path that took him to Europe, Baja California, Washington State, and finally San Diego … becoming a multilingual hockey player, marathoner, FM disc jockey, actor, and entrepreneurial founder of a Spanish language immersion college … while on the way to creating a very successful winery right here on the Peninsula. Keith’s undeniable drive and passion about wine and winemaking have enabled Gianni Buonomo Vintners wines to win multiple competitive awards, both in the US and internationally. Check out their website gbvintners.com for more details. We really appreciated Keith’s stimulating talk this morning, and the opportunity to learn more about wine.

President Bill Bramley thanks winemaker Keith Rolle for his presentation.

Tuesday, March 27th


One of the two mug styles created especially for our Tiki charity event. Buy some with your tickets or at the event. Limited numbers!

OptimisTiki Committee members hard at work. This is the other Tiki mug style created for our event.

April 28th (4 to 11:30 PM):  Golden OptimisTiki at the Bali Hai.  Sign up now, and encourage your friends to join us for this fun and important annual fundraising event.

Tickets are available online (click here).

Raffle tickets ($25) are also available in advance, either online or by contacting Chris Jacobs.

First prize is a round trip to Tahiti (hotel included)!




May 20th:  We will join the annual Festa parade in Point Loma with our flag truck as in years past.  If you are interested in participating in this unique event, please contact Tom Lewis.



We were honored to have a founding member of the Bonita Optimist Club and longtime SD County Supervisor, Greg Cox, as our guest speaker at breakfast this morning.  He has been a stalwart member of the County Board of Supervisors since 1995, overseeing the many achievements of over 17,000 employees which have considerably improved the public safety, health and environmental well being of his district’s 631,000 residents during those 23 years.  Some of these improvements include eliminating all deferred maintenance, building 11 new libraries, completing a new Sheriff’s crime lab, fighting the Hep A and flu outbreaks with hundreds of thousands vaccinations, and many more on-time-and-under-budget projects … all while moving away from the precipice of bankruptcy in 1995 to a funding a healthy $5.7B budget today.  San Diego should be proud to now be 1 of only 8 counties in the US that has earned a AAA bond rating.

One of the most significant take-aways from Greg Cox’s presentation was the “Live Well San Diego” program, whose vision is to work with community groups and companies to focus on healthier and longer lives.  This includes the establishment of more parks, trails, community gardens, a 5-city bay-shore bikeway, and perhaps most importantly … the establishment of the 2-1-1 San Diego hotline.  Calling 211 is the one-stop place to seek information referral assistance from a live person on matters of financial, health or behavioral problems.  It has been a great success in consolidating and streamlining the overlap of 6000 parallel efforts by 1200 regional non-profit organizations in providing help to the public.

Q&A followed, with Supervisor Cox providing details on proposed solutions for the border sewage spills, and listing the positive results of separating the San Diego Airport Authority from the Port Authority since 2001.  We wish Mr. Cox continued successes on our behalf in his remaining 2 years before his term expires.

SD County Supervisor Greg Cox accepts the club’s Optimist emblem from President Bill Bramley as a token of our thanks.

Tuesday, March 13th


April 28th:  Golden OptimisTiki at the Bali Hai.  Sign up now, and encourage your friends to join us for this fun and important annual fundraising event.  Tickets now available (click here).

A valuable Norm Daniels original oil painting of Pt Loma and the Bali Hai, one of the many Silent Auction bid items being offered at the Golden OptimisTiki

May 20th:  We will join the annual Festa parade in Point Loma with our flag truck as in years past.  If you are interested in participating in this unique event, please contact Tom Lewis.


Our annual Oratorical Contest was held at the San Diego Yacht Club at this morning’s breakfast.

The 6 contestants from Correia Middle School (7th & 8th grade) renewed our hope in this young generation.  They all spoke amazingly well, with no notes.  Each delivered a 4-5 minute speech on the topic of “Where Are My Roots of Optimism?” All students were eloquent in their prose, spoke with great confidence, were humorous, used quotes, provided descriptive analogies, seemed so natural and relaxed, and were very well prepared.  They were all masters of personal story telling and did such a terrific job that the judges had a difficult time selecting the best.

Dan Williams with the 6 Oratorical Contest participants from Correia Middle School

The ultimate winners were:

1st place     Gracie Snedden
2nd place   Taran Courchesne
3rd place    Beckett Bateman

The other amazing contestants were Jackie Inzunza, Sophie Compton and Rowan Byrne.  Congratulations to all for their hard work and superb job delivering their speeches!  Our thanks also go to Dan Williams and his committee, as well as the teachers and parents of Correia, whose efforts made this year’s Oratorical Contest such a success.


Tuesday, March 6th


March 13th:  Breakfast Meeting and Oratorical Contest, 7:00am, SDYC.

March 19th:  Board Meeting, 5:00pm at Goodbar (1872 Rosecrans St).  Evening Event there at 6:00pm.

April 28th:  Golden OptimisTiki at the Bali Hai.  Tickets now available (click here).

May 20th:  We will join the annual Festa parade in Point Loma with our flag truck as in years past.  We have 2 volunteers, but could use a couple more.  If you are interested in participating in this unique event, please contact Tom Lewis.


A proposal for our club to support the startup of a new Optimist chapter in National City with a $500 donation carried with a vote this morning.

President Bill Bramley thanks our guest speaker, Andy Hanshaw, Executive Director of the SD Bike Coalition

Today’s guest speaker was Andy Hanshaw, the Executive Director of the San Diego Bike Coalition (a 501.c(3) non-profit organization) since 2012.  Their goals are to 1. Advocate, 2. Educate, and 3. Celebrate the increased and safe use of bicycles in San Diego.  This will be a big factor in supporting the downtown population tripling in the next 10 years (from 30,000 to 90,000) while downtown employment doubles (from 90,000 to 180,000).  Currently, there are no downtown bikeways, but a funded plan is in place for executing over the next 10 years.  Lime green, yellow and orange bikes populated the region overnight after the City of SD approved their use a few weeks ago.  They don’t take up parking spaces, are more available at places other than fixed stations, are power assisted (some), and provide data for future decisions on where bikeways are needed.  In the big picture, more people on bikes will lead to safer streets, healthier communities, less congestion, and many other benefits.  We learned quite a bit about the SD Bike Coalition’s initiatives and thanked Andy for his presentation.